Cottage Garden Homeschool Co-op of Tyler, Texas

 Training Young People 
       Since 1996

Junior High 2018-2019

If you are looking for the description of a class that may be considered junior high/high school, and you cannot find it here, you may also want to look in the high school section for it.


Junior High Class Descriptions


Name of Class: Jr. High Government

Teacher: Lee Ann Vertein

Suitable ages, abilities, or skill level needed for this class: 6th - 8th grade

Class Fee: $15.00 per semester

Min. to Max. number of students in the class: 3 - 10

Objectives of this class: encourage students to think for themselves about 1) God’s eternal principles and 2) how our government aligns with them.

Description of the general class format:

1. We will be learning about God’s order of things also known as Natural Law.

2. We will explore Principles of Freedom that were applied by our Founding

Fathers.

3. We will become familiar with

1) The Declaration of Independence,

2) the Constitution of the United States, and

3) the Bill of Rights.

Each session will include introduction to an idea, concept, or principle; group discussion of that idea; and hands-on activities whenever possible.

Description of enrichment or homework activities: Worksheets will be sent home weekly. Because there is no textbook or workbook, it is important to complete these assignments so students will be able to participate in class discussions and hands-on activities.

Textbook/workbook information: There is no student textbook or workbook. Students will use their Bible at home. Students will weekly be required to use a dictionary (book version, not your computer) to look up terms as part of their homework assignment. Students will weekly be consulting with mom & dad to gather reliable information.

FYI for parents: I will be drawing my lesson plans from

1. Mere Christianity by C.S. Lewis

2. The 5000 Year Leap by W. Cleon Skousen

3. The Making of America by National Center for Constitutional Studies (NCCS)

4. The Land of Fair Play by Christian Liberty Press

5. The Bible NAS

Required supplies: Every Week

The student is to bring a 1 1/2” 3 ring binder with pockets & 4 divider pages.

The student is to have lined paper in the binder for class notes & homework notes.

The student is to bring 2 pencils, 2 pens, & a highlighter to class.

Students are required to bring their binder, with dividers, to the Meet the Teacher Day (MTTD) class.


Name of Class: English Prep

Teacher: Sherry Childress
Suitable ages, abilities, or skill level needed for this class: 
This class is suitable for 6th-8th grade. Students should be able to read on their own at a 3rd grade level or higher and answer comprehension questions.  
Class prerequisite: 
- Some knowledge of basic grammar
-If your child is a struggling reader I recommend Saxon intervention. 
-Class Fee: $18 per semester 
Maximum number of students in this class: 10
Minimum number of students in this class: 2 
Objectives of this class:  
1. Solid grammar foundation and writing very good sentences.  
2. Students would be academically prepared to succeed in future JH English classes.  
Description of the general class format:
This will be a multi-sensory JH English class.  Multi-sensory teaching has to do with teaching in such a way that all five senses are used, engaging students in several different areas of the brain. Most of the instruction and activities in the class will focus on oral and written language. Some attention will also be given to literature and comprehending what we are reading.  
Description of homework activities: 
1. There will be literature, writing, and grammar assignments each week. 
2. Expect an hour of homework for this class every day. 


Name of Class:  Junior High Literature

Teacher: Tracy Coffey

Suitable ages, abilities, or skill level needed for this class: 

7th, 8th, 9th grade students. This class will entail a lot of reading, so please make sure your student is on level and will be able to keep up.

Class fee: $20.00/ semester

Maximum number of students in the class: 16

Minimum number of students in the class: 4

Objectives of this class:

1. To enhance a love of reading

2. To expose students to age appropriate literature

3. To understand works, their elements, and how to discuss

4. To develop critical thinking skills when evaluating a novel

5. To prepare students for the level of responsibility they will need to succeed in high school English

Description of the general class format:

The class will study age appropriate, current and classical literature. They will read great works of literature and discuss various elements of the books as a class. They will also evaluate the works and write about them.  Group discussion is extremely important to this class set-up. ***Students must keep up with reading assignments to be able to contribute to the discussions. Please expect instruction time each week with the expectation of the students taking notes.

Description of homework activities:

1. There will be literature reading and writing assignments each week.

2. Students will read one novel each month with reading assigned daily.

3. Students will need to participate in discussions and take novel exams.

4. Parents will need to help keep their child organized and prepared to turn in homework.

Textbook/workbook information:

Literature: The following is the book list for this year. Two more books will be added and a list will be sent out to students as soon as final selections have been made.

A Christmas Carol, Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Anne of Green Gables, Island of the Blue Dolphins, Johnny Tremaine, Little Women, +2 more

Students will answer comprehension questions in class and at home. 

Writing: Writing assignments will be related to the literature that is being read. Grading will be based on knowledge of content. Journaling will be done weekly.

Other important information:

Students are expected to complete homework assignments as assigned. *Failure to complete assignments may result in the reassignment of the student to study hall. Parents need to be involved in checking their child's assignments at this age.

**A grade report will be kept in front of their notebook.

Students will need the following supplies:

-loose notebook paper

-pencils

-½-inch or 1-inch binder

-(8) tabbed dividers

-lined 3X5 notecards (color preference doesn’t matter)

-(2) glue sticks


Name of Class:  Junior High WriteShop 1

Teacher: Tracy Coffey

Suitable ages, abilities, or skill level needed for this class: 7th, 8th, and 9th grade students who have completed at least 6th grade level English instruction. 

Class fee: $25.00/ semester

Maximum number of students in the class: 16

Minimum number of students in the class: 4

Objectives of this class:

1. To enhance a love of language and communication

2. To increase vocabulary and the understanding and use of correct grammar

3. To develop writing skills

4. To prepare students for the level of responsibility they will need to succeed in high school English

Description of the general class format:

The class will study writing. Students will learn to write different types of writings, and they will learn to write one, three, and five paragraph essays. The students will also work together to brainstorm and edit papers. Please expect instruction time each week with the expectation of the students taking notes.

Description of homework activities:

1. There will be writing assignments each week.

2. Expect at least an hours’ worth of homework for this class every day.

3. Parents will need to help keep their child organized and prepared to turn in homework.

Textbook/workbook information:

Writing: We will be using WriteShop 1. A student workbook will need to be purchased and placed in a separate binder. (Download is cheaper and can be re-used with the rest of your family.) Proper writing skills will be taught with a variety of types and styles. Journaling will be done daily to practice and improve learned writing skills.

Grammar: Parents are encouraged to supplement grammar at home to enhance writing at CG. Students need to have a copy of Daily Grams 7th grade. If your student has not had a solid grammar program they need to work on Easy Grammar the RED book over the summer.

Other important information:

Students are expected to complete homework assignments as assigned. *Failure to complete assignments may result in the reassignment of the student to study hall. *Parents will complete the Teacher Editing Checklist which will keep parents informed about how your child is progressing this year.

**A grade report will be kept in the front of their notebook.

Students will need the following supplies:

-loose notebook paper

-black or blue pen

-colored pencils

-1-inch binder

-(4) tabbed dividers

-extra binder for WriteShop curriculum


Name of class: Write Shop II 8th grade

Teacher: Cheryl Watkins Class fee: $20/semester

Max: 16 Min: 4 Purpose: Provide teens with a solid foundation in descriptive, informative, and narrative writing. Build self-editing skills and advanced writing concepts. Prerequisites: Write shop II is a continuation of Write Shop I. WS I Preferred/not mandatory

Students will learn to:

**Write a basic but solid 5-paragraph essay in which they adequately develop several main points with details, facts, examples, and logic

* *Write an effective timed essay in 30 minutes. Experience writing different kinds of essays: opinion essays, compare/contrast essays, and essays that describe or define

**

Use descriptive narration

** Use narrative voice and different points of view in their writing.

** Understand propaganda in writing

** Write to persuade

** Improve use of writing vocabulary
** Improve content and build more complex sentences
** Use parallel sentence construction
** Write more concisely

** Use appositives, participial phrases, subordinating conjunctions, and other parts of speech to develop well structured, mature-sounding sentences

SUPPLIES/TEXTBOOKS: Each student will need to purchase a WriteShop 2 workbook

** 1 inch binder to keep work in

** 5 tab dividers

** pen/pencils

ASSIGNMENTS WILL BE GIVEN WEEKLY AND PARENTS WILL BE GIVEN A CHECK LIST TO HELP EDIT PAPERS!!

Textbook for Review Grammar: Daily Grams level 8

If your child has not had a solid grammar program you might want to do Easy Grammar over the summer.


Name of Class: Double Science  

Teacher: TBA

Suitable ages, abilities, or skill level needed for this class: 6th - 8th grade  

Class Fee: $15.00 per semester  

Maximum number of students in the class: 12  

Minimum number of students in the class: 4  

Objectives of this class: We will be learning about God and His creation.  

Description of the general class format:  We will do weekly activities  to reinforce the information presented in the textbook.  

Description of enrichment or homework activities: Reading and questions from the text will be assigned. It is important to complete these assignments so students will be able to participate in class discussions.  

Textbook/workbook/supplies information:    pencil or pen

Fall semester:  Exploring Creation with Zoology 2: Swimming Creatures of the Fifth Day (Young Explorer (Apologia Educational Ministries)) https://www.amazon.com/dp/1932012737/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_api_DirTAbHBEQ6PJ
Spring semester:  Exploring Creation with Zoology 3: Land Animals of the Sixth Day (Young Explorer Series) https://www.amazon.com/dp/1932012850/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_api_5irTAb6YETF57

  

Name of Class: General Science

Teacher: Allison King

Suitable ages, abilities, or skill level needed for this class: 7- 8th grade

Class Fee: $8.00

Maximum number of students in the class: 11

Minimum number of students for the class to make: 3

Objectives of this class: We will learn the history of science, implementation of the scientific method, the history of life, human anatomy, and how God's glory is shown throughout creation.

Description of the general class format: There will be some brief lecture, experiments for each Module will be completed in class.

Description of enrichment or homework activities: This is a full science curriculum. Weekly reading assignments and homework will be required. Each module will be covered over approximately 2 weeks. On Your Own questions, lab reports, study guides, and tests are due for each Module. Expect four hours of homework per week.

Homework will be checked for completion each week. Lab Reports and Tests will be graded.

Textbook/workbook information: Apologia Science/ Exploring Creation with General Science by Jay Wile 2nd edition. Both the textbook and the study guide/test manual are needed.


Name of Class: Physical Science

Teacher: Kelly Dickerson

Suitable Ages, Abilities or Skill Level Needed for this Class: The Physical Science course is officially a high school course and is graded as such. Eighth graders with the maturity level of high school are allowed to register for it. It is preferable if all entering students have completed the General Science course and have already taken or will be concurrently taking Pre-Algebra and are strong in Math.  

Cost: $10 per student per semester

Maximum Number of Students: 10

Minimum Number of Students: 2

Objectives of this Class: from Dr. Jay L. Wile, “This course will take you on an amazing journey! It will begin with a detailed discussion of the world around you and what makes it work. It will then take you out into the Universe so that you may learn the majesty of God’s creation.”

Description of the General Class Format: Class time will be devoted to discussing, performing and recording experiments and maintaining a lab notebook, as well as reviewing material from each module.

Description of Enrichment or Homework Activities: The student will be given a schedule of daily reading assignments and questions to answer at home. Occasionally, parents will lead experiments at home that were not completed in class because of time. Every other week the student will complete a study guide. Homework will require about one hour of work per day at home. Lab reports, study notes, OYO questions, & tests are also required assignments.

The textbook is Exploring Creation with Physical Science, by Dr. Jay L. Wile-must be 2nd Edition. The textbook, as well as the “Solutions and Tests” manual must be purchased by each participating family.

Other Important Information:

Grading Method:

Module study notes = 15% of grade

Lab reports = 15% of grade

OYO questions = 10% of grade

Study guide = 10% of grade

Tests = 50% of grade

It is my desire to have good communication with parents throughout the year regarding grades. I will have a grade book page for each student available for periodic review.


Name of class: Math Masters

Teacher: Mrs. Ivey

Suitable ages, abilities, or skill level needed for this class: 6th grade and above. Participation in class quizzes, games, and activities will be a major component of this class. A basic knowledge of multiplication tables up to 10 will be assumed-we will work on increasing speed in class.

Class Fee: $10/semester

Maximum number of students in the class: 12

Minimum number of students for the class to make: 3

Objectives of this class: to improve speed, accuracy, and confidence in math; to improve math skills through games.

Description of the general class format: weekly multiplication speed drills, with each student graphing and tracking their own progress;  learning through games like math-based jeopardy, bingo, board slam, (math)battleship, etc.;  memorization of ten math facts each week (ex. times tables 1-12, square and cubes, metric equivalents, fraction-decimal-percent equivalents, etc.) and common formulas such as areas of squares, triangles, circles, Pythagorean theorem, etc. – facts that will be helpful as students move on to pre-algebra and algebra.

Description of enrichment or homework activities: There will be assigned memorization each week. This daily review/memory work is vital to success in class.  Expect to spend about 10 minutes per day at home.  No written homework will be required.

Textbook/workbook information: All necessary materials will be distributed in class.

Other important information: This class is not a substitute for a full year of math instruction. It is reinforcement and e enrichment of what the student is studying in his/her curriculum at home.


Name of class: Pre-Algebra

Teacher: Donna Angelo

Suitable ages, abilities, or skill level needed for this class:

The student needs to have a solid background in mathematics. The student should solidly have multiplication, division, addition, and subtraction facts in place. The student needs to have a good understanding of fractions, decimals, percents, and other basic concepts of math.

Class prerequisite:

Student must take a Cottage Garden math placement test to determine readiness. These are available from the Jr. high coordinator.

Class fee:  Fall fee is $50.00 which includes the cost of the book.   Spring semester is $7.00 for copies.

Maximum number of students in this class: 12

Minimum number of students: 2

Objectives of this class:

To equip the student with the ability to solve algebraic equations and to prepare for higher math, such as algebra I.

Description of the general class format:

Concepts for the week will be introduced to the students. Students will be expected to fill in notes from the notebook during class. Students will be allowed to practice related problems and demonstrate to the teacher that they have understanding.

Description of homework activities:

Students will have daily homework assignments that must be completed. Expect about 1 hour of homework each day, 4 days a week.

Required Textbook/supplies:  Math-U-See Pre-Algebra Student Workbook and Test Book (Instructional Manual and Instructional DVD optional for parents to help student at home.)  We will group order the book and it will be ready for the student the first day of class.  

Other important information:

Students will be expected to complete all assigned homework, grade assignments, re-work any problems that were missed, and study for exams. Homework assignments will be due before 9:00 a.m. each class day and graded each week. In addition, there will be exams which will be completed at home under supervision.


Name of class: Basic Computer

Teacher: Nafisa Morris

Cost: $10 for copies; $20 equipment fee (one time per year fee, payable to Cottage Garden) 

Suitable ages, abilities, or skill level needed for this class: Middle School Students, also available to high school students who need beginner level instruction. 

Maximum Number of Students in this class: 10 

Minimum Number of Students in this class: 3 

The overall objective is to teach students how to use any word processing, spreadsheet, presentation software, and publisher/draw for their personal and/or educational use . I want to provide students with useful experience that will be helpful for school and their personal lives. 

Texts: None 

Objectives:  Increase the student's knowledge of how to use a word processing, spreadsheet, presentation software, publisher/draw for their own personal/educational use. We will be using LibreOffice (a free version of the Word Suite). 

-Increase typing speed to a minimum of 30 wpm in an online typing software. 

-Introduce student to 10 key using online typing software 

-Expectations: 

-Students will organize class handouts in a notebook. 

-Students will complete an assignment at home each week from handouts (to be printed and/or emailed as determined by teacher). Assignments being emailed must be received by teacher prior to class each week. 

-Students will practice typing each day for 15 minutes in online computer typing program and reach a minimum of 30 wpm by the end of the school year. 

-Students will come to class prepared with the previous week’s assignment completed. 

Homework: 1-2 hours outside of class

Requirements: 

-Home computer or laptop 

-Access to the internet and email 

-Libre Office (free download) at home 

-USB flash drive (if not bringing laptop to Cottage Garden) 

-Access to printer for printing completed assignments


Name of class: JH Spanish

Teacher: Nafisa Morris

Suitable ages: Grades 7-8

Class Fee: $10/semester 

Textbook/workbook information: Each student must have access to “Spanish I for Christian Schools” 2nd edition Student Text by BJU press. The other materials offered by BJU are NOT needed.  The same textbook will be used for Spanish I in high school.

Minimum number of students: 3 

Maximum number of students: 12 

General description of the class: JH Spanish will give students a firm foundation for taking Spanish I in high school. Students will learn basic Spanish vocabulary as well as verb conjugation. Students will also learn the basic elements of conversing in Spanish.

This course is strongly recommended before taking Spanish I


Name of Class: Homemaking/Nutrition
Teacher: Kimberly Wood
Suitable ages, abilities, or skill level needed for this class: Junior High (Please carefully read the possible homework assignments)
Maximum Number of Students in this class 8

Minimum Number of Students in this class: 3
Class Fee: $20 per semester and students will need to purchase some supplies for projects that they will be taking home.
Objectives of this class: To teach students skills for maintaining a home in a fun and engaging way.
Description of the general class format: Class time will be spent in discussion with hands-on activities and demonstrations. There will be several field trips pertaining to topics as well. Listed below are some of the skills that will be learned.
- Time Management
- Budgeting
- Meal planning and grocery shopping
- Nutrition and Whole Foods
- Techniques in food preparation
- Hospitality & Party Planning
- Home Organization
- Cleaning/Maintaining a Home
- Homemade items including detergents, nut butters, nut milks, etc.
- Sewing
- DIY projects for decorating, gift giving, etc.
- Growing herbs

Description of possible homework assignments: There will be occasional assignments pertaining to the weekly topic, such as creating and executing a meal plan and shopping trip, planning and hosting a social event, a DIY décor project and making a household product from scratch.
Textbooks/workbook information: No textbooks or workbooks needed.


Name of class: Life Skills

Instructor: Jon Flanders

Suitable ages, abilities, or skill level needed for this class: High School & Junior High

Class Fee: $20 per semester

Maximum Number of Students in this class: 15
Minimum Number of Students in this class: 3

Objective: To provide a hands-on learning experience for using hand tools and power tools in practical ways around the house.

Format: Each week we will use tools and equipment to practice for and complete a specific task relating to carpentry, metal working, or vehicle maintenance/repair.

Each semester teams of students will complete a building challenge using their imaginations and newly acquired skills to create a practical product.


Name of class: General Music

Teacher: Amanda Beals

Suitable ages: 6th-8th

Class Fee: Fall $25, Spring $15

Maximum number of students: 12

Minimum number of students: 3

Objectives of this class: Introduce students to a variety of music genres, composers, instruments, music theory (how to read music), and much more!

Description of the general class format: Students will learn about genres and composers all year. The fall semester we will focus on music theory and rhythm. The use of rhythm sticks & drums will be included. The spring semester we will focus on various instruments and specialize in the soprano recorder. We will also learn the art of music composition.

Homework: None, unless the student would like to practice their new skills.

Textbook/workbook information: Provided from class fee

Instruments: Rhythm sticks and Soprano Recorder will be provided from fall class fee


Name of Class: Junior High Speech

Teacher: Melissa Bartlett

Suitable ages, abilities, or skill level needed for this class:

6th, 7th and 8th grade students.

Class Fee: $10/Semester

Maximum number of students in the class: 10

Minimum number of students in the class: 4

Objectives of this class:

1.To introduce students to the basics of writing and performing public speeches.

2.To provide speaking opportunities in order to reduce the fear of public speaking, and to gain personal self-confidence.

3.To provide opportunities to improve public speaking skills.

Description of the general class format:

Students will use creative and critical thinking to plan and make informed speeches. Students will develop and strengthen writing skills by planning, editing and revising speeches. Students will be required to write and present speeches. The speeches that will be covered throughout the school year are informative speech, persuasive speech, personal experience speech, demonstration speech, story-telling speech and a how-to speech.

Description of homework activities:

There will be homework for those that do not finish the handout/s in class. They will be required to finish speeches at home (if not finished in class)and have a parent/friend to proofread each speech. When it is time to give the speech the student is required to dress nice and wear church type attire.

Textbook/workbook information:

There is no book required for this class. Any handouts the students need will be copied and handed out by the teacher. The student may need access to the internet and getting books needed to do research for certain speeches.

Students will need the following supplies:

Lined 3x5 notecards for speech preparation

Pocket Folder to keep handouts and speeches 

Blue or Black pen

Loose leaf paper


Name of Class: JH Worldview

Teacher: Carrie Deever

Suitable ages, abilities, or skill level needed for this class: 6th-8th grade

Class Fee: $10

Maximum number of students: 12

Minimum number of students: 4

Objectives of class: From Summit website.....Lightbearers is a middle school bible curriculum that is designed to help students understand the tenants of the Christian Worldview. Students will learn why Christianity offers the best answers to questions about God, right & wrong, creation, what it means to be human, & more. The real world applications help the students explain biblical worldview, form critical thinking, encourage evangelism, equip for apologetics, & engage culture for Christ. 

Description of the general class format: Each class period will consist of a combination of activities including viewing short videos from the unit, engaging in discussion of the videos & homework, & occasional presentations by the students about the material we are learning about.

Description of homework activities: Students will be assigned a weekly reading schedule and/or a biblical exercise from their student workbook that they may do alone or with a parent. Students will occasionally have brief presentation assignments based on the material they have studied in class and at home. Estimated homework each week is 2-3 hours. 

Textbook/Workbook information: 2 books

1. Lightbearers student workbook. Must be revised 3rd edition ($19.95 from summit.org website) Teacher’s manual and videos do not need to be purchased unless you desire to walk alongside your student and have deeper conversations at home.

2. How to Be Your Own Selfish Pig book. May be ordered from Summit website ($9.95 new) or used from Amazon. 

Additional information: Samples of the curriculum can be found on the summit.org website.  Click on curriculum and Lightbearers Homeschool version & you can access samples. They offer tests, but we will not be using those in class. They may be added at home if desired.  


Name of Class: Fun Creative Girls' Bible Class

Teacher: Catherine Pratt

Class fee: $20.00

**Fun Creative Girls’ Bible Class -Being creative and having fun while studying the Bible and growing in the Lord is the goal of this class for girls in middle school. Our class will be filled with activities designed to bless the girls and to give them opportunities to bless others. Our studies will be centered on building relationships that equip and encourage the girls to grow in their relationship with Jesus as they spend time in His Word, resulting in a growing desire to love and serve Him as they bless others

SUPPLIES: Each girl will be asked to bring a “journaling” (or some call it a “coloring”) Bible in the translation of her choice. (Parents, you will want to look at the different options. Please choose one designed for coloring in, one that has verses and pictures to color inside, not one that simply has lines to take notes. I have found these two to be my favorites: the purple “NLT Inspire Praise Bible” which has beautifully outlined verses to color, as well as lots of space to write your own thoughts and prayers… OR the “NIV Beautiful Word Coloring Bible for Teen Girls” which also has the verses to color and the lines to take notes and write prayers. Both are on sale at www.christianbook.com ) Each girl will be asked to bring her Bible and coloring pencils to class every week. Other class materials including a customized Bible journal, as well as supplies for projects to bless others, and will be included in the cost of the class. Daily assignments will include having a “quiet time” with the Lord and simple assignments that will honor the Lord and help your daughter to grow closer to Him. Assignments will take between 15-20 a day.

** -THE GOAL OF THIS CLASS - having fun and learning to care and serve others.


Name of Class: Fun Bible Class For Boys

TEACHER: Jon Flanders

Suitable ages: 6th-8th grade boys

cost – $5.00

Maximum number of students – 12

Minimum number of students – 4

Objectives: Have fun learning bible stories.

Description of class – Very little if any homework..maybe a little reading to prepare for class discussion and activities.

Supplies: Bible

Red Folder with paper,

pen/pencils

More supplies may be needed when teacher is assigned. So be sure and look for updates on this class


Name of class: Elements of Art

Teacher: Andrea Durbin

Suitable ages, abilities, or skill level needed for this class: Junior High & High School

Class Fee: $35 per semester

Maximum number of students in the class: 10

Minimum number: 4

Objectives of this class: This art class will focus on learning the basic elements of art using fun and engaging lessons and projects.

Description of the general class format:  Weekly lessons and hands-on projects will deepen the student’s knowledge and understanding of art & design, as well as develop their artistic skills and creative expression. In class, students will use a variety of techniques and media to create unique art pieces to take home.

 Description of enrichment or homework activities: Homework for this class will be minimal, provided students focus on completing their work during class time.  Each student is required to submit at least one work for the End of the Year Program.

Textbook  information:   No textbook is required. 

Other Important Information: Students will be using different mediums as they explore the various art techniques. It may be advisable to bring a smock or t-shirt to protect clothing.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Revised 4/2/18